Understanding Type 1 & Type 2 Diabetes

For those with diabetes, there is probably no confusion about the differences between type 1 and type 2 diabetes. However, to an outsider (especially the general public) there is a lot of confusion about the differences. What causes diabetes? How does it affect a person’s everyday life? Is it fatal? These are some of the questions that many people don’t have the answers to. So, our goal today is to clear up the confusion on these questions and provide a resource for those who are looking to learn more about diabetes.

The first thing that is important to understand is that Type 1 diabetes cannot be prevented. Symptoms typically appear in childhood or young adulthood. Diagnosis comes because the bodies immune system destroys the cells that release insulin, meaning that the body cannot absorb sugar to produce energy. Type 2 diabetes, on the other hand, can typically can be prevented, or at least delayed with a healthy lifestyle including a proper diet and exercise. The signs of Type 2 Diabetes typically appear in adulthood. However, there have been more and more cases of childhood type 2 diabetes in recent years. Diagnosis for Type 2 Diabetes occurs because the body doesn’t use insulin properly, resulting in its inability to absorb sugar to produce energy.

Treatment for Type 1 vs Type 2 diabetes can also look very different. In Type 1 Diabetes, because the body doesn’t produce its own insulin, a patient must inject insulin to regulate their body’s sugar absorption. Many cases of Type 2 Diabetes can be treated with a lifestyle change. Getting appropriate physical activity and eating a well-balanced diet can reverse the affects of Type 2 Diabetes for many. However, many patients with Type 2 Diabetes may end up taking Insulin at some point in their life as well.

Because Type 2 Diabetes is the most common form of diabetes and can be prevented, there are many diabetes educators, nutritionists and dietitians working to educate our society on the dangers of diabetes and preventative measures they can take now to avoid living with diabetes.

To aid in this, NCES has selected and created a robust line of diabetes education tools, books and other resources designed specifically for the diabetes educator and patient. If you’re a person living with diabetes and looking for resources, please browse our diabetes selection to see what’s available to help you. If you’re a diabetes educator, there are a lot of resources that can help you spread your message. Plus, you can share this blog to help others around you understand Type 1 versus Type 2 Diabetes. Simply use the links in the blog or click Diabetes in the header to start browsing NCES diabetes products.

Here are just a few of the many great products you’ll find when you visit us!

Right-Sized Diabetes Plate

diabetes plate





Diabetes Food Models

NCES Diabetes Food Model Kit


Glucose Wands

Glucose Wands


Six Picks: The Top 6 Things You Need to Know About Diabetes

1. Know the symptoms. Thirst, frequent urination, blurry vision, constant tiredness, unexplained
weight loss and irritability are possible indicators of the onset of diabetes. Make sure to pay
attention and talk to your doctor if any of these symptoms persist.
2. The sooner you detect it, the better. The longer your body is exposed to uncontrolled blood sugar
levels, the greater the health problems can become. If you’re over the age of 45, it’s recommended
to have a fasting blood glucose test every three years.
3. Proper diet can save lives. With diabetes, it’s supremely important to keep your blood glucose
levels the closest to normal as possible. Proper meals can help maintain these levels and keep the
body from going into shock.
4. Work things out. Proper exercise can go a long way towards the prevention of diabetes, as well as
help maintain proper blood sugar levels too. Keep active for at least 30 minutes a day to help the
body regulate its blood glucose.
5. Know your risk factor. Anyone can develop diabetes over the course of their life, but certain people
have a higher risk than others. Being over 45, overweight or obese, a diagnosis of
pre-diabetes, having low HDL readings, or people with a family history of diabetes are
more likely to develop diabetes.
6. Diabetes is often preventable. A good combination of steady diet and exercise goes a long way in the
prevention of diabetes. Lowering the amount of added sugars in your diet can also help keep this
epidemic from affecting your life.

If you have been diagnosed with diabetes, or think you may have it, contact your doctor immediately. Also, check out our large selection of diabetes education products here. http://www.ncescatalog.com/shopdisplayproducts.asp?id=17&cat=Diabetes